Types of Gum Disease | Smile Design Center of Westchester

At the Smile Design Center, we prevent, diagnose and treat gum diseases. Your twice-yearly visits give us the opportunity to identify and address early signs of gum disease before any serious damage takes place. That is because any disease of the gums will lead to inflammation, infection, loosening of teeth and eventual loss of teeth. There are different types of gum (periodontal) disease and all of them require immediate attention to prevent tooth loss. These are:


This is the mildest and most common form of periodontitis which has little or no discomfort. It is usually caused by insufficient oral hygiene. It can be reversed by professional treatment and good oral care. Without care it can lead to periodontal disease.

Chronic Periodontal Disease

This is the commonest gum disease that is prevalent in people over 45 years old. It is characterized by inflammation below the gum line and the progressive destruction of the gingival and bone tissue. The gums gradually recede, making the teeth look like they are gradually growing in length.

Aggressive Periodontal Disease

This disease is characterized by the rapid loss of gum attachment, and the rapid destruction of bone tissue. Smokers and those with a family history of this disease are at an increased risk of developing aggressive periodontitis.

Periodontal Disease Related to Systemic Conditions

Periodontal disease can be a symptom of heart disease, diabetes, respiratory disease or any other disease. It can quickly destroy tissue just like aggressive periodontal disease. Even in cases where little plaque coats the teeth, many medical conditions intensify and accelerate the progression of periodontal disease.

Necrotizing Periodontal Disease

This is tissue death that affects the periodontal ligament, gingival tissues and alveolar bone. It rapidly worsens and is more prevalent among smokers and people who suffer from HIV, immunosuppression, malnutrition, and chronic stress.

Dr. Sapozhnik examines your oral cavity and provides a thorough and comprehensive screening test to evaluate and/or identify bacteria in your mouth. That way he can determine the health of your gums and any risks of diseases. If he catches any bacteria that cause inflammation he immediately begins treatment.

The Smile Design Center is Westchester’s leader in the prevention and treatment of gum disease. If you have problems with gum disease,
call Dr. Sapozhnik on +1 (914) 734-9557.

+1 (914) 734-9557
Appointment Booking

Mon: 9:30am-5pm
Tuesday: 9:30am-7pm
Wednesday: 9:30am-5pm
Thursday: 9:30am-7pm
Friday: Closed
Sat: 9:00am-4pm

2042 Albany Post Rd #3,
Croton-On-Hudson, NY